Issac Woolner – Emigrated to Canada 1832

Issac Woolner (1792 -1860) emigrated to Canada with his wife Sarah Hembling and their 6 children in 1832.  Isaac served in Her Majesty’s 43rd Light Infantry Regiment (1812-1819) and intended to petition for a veteran’s land grant.  As one of the earlier settlers of what is now Ontario, Canada, Issac’s arrival in Canada is documented in a 1896 Biographical History.

Waterloo Township History
Waterloo Township History

Their arrival was filled with tragedy. They docked at Hamilton, Ontario in the third week of June 1832 but unluckily sheltered at a house where the ‘former residents had died of cholera.’  Many of the family came down with the disease while traveling to the Bridgeport area.   Issac’s wife Sarah and their youngest child James died.

Since widowed Issac was without his homestead, he placed his daughters Martha (b.1820) and Hannah (b.1825), and his three sons Abraham (b.1822-1838), Issac (b.1824), and Jacob (b.1826) in foster care until he became settled.  This full story is in Eby Book Volume 2 – Page 685. and continues to page 686.  Many of the children remained in foster care, and by my count, two of the veteran’s children (Hannah and Jacob) became part of the non-violent Mennonite community as the following story relates (sounds like it also draws from Eby):

Jacob Woolner, Mennonite Preacher

Issac obtained his land grant and remarried.  Eby wrote, “His second wife was Bridget Connor, widow of Mr. Connor.”  They had 6 children:  Ann, Abraham, William, George, James and Mary Jane, married to Joseph Carr (Kerr).

1851-Census-of-Canada-East-Canada-West-New-Brunswick-and-Nova-Scotia
1851-Census-of-Canada-East-Canada-West-New-Brunswick-and-Nova-Scotia

The 1851 Canada Census showed this second family in Garafraxa, Ontario.  In addition to the 6 children Ezra Eby named in  his Biographical History of Waterloo Township, there is a Moriah (Maria?) who will be 18 yrs old on her next birthday. (The census asks for next age, not current age).  There is also a Walter Connor listed on the same census immediately after the Woolners.  Could this be Bridget’s son with her first husband? Could Moriah be her daughter?  What was Bridget’s maiden name?

In 1851, the children would be the following ages on their next birthday: Ann(16), Abraham(14), William(12),  James(10), George(8),  and Mary Jane(6)

When the 1861 Census is taken, Issac Woolner has passed away.  He died in 1860 at the age of 68.  They now live in a log house built in 1855.  In the 1851 Census Bridget appears as his wife, now she appears as Ann.   The family appears incorrectly as Wolloner with two l’s and not two o’s.

Compared to the 1851 census, the oldest child Ann is missing and so is Moriah. Why would 58 yrs old Bridget go by her daughter Ann’s name?  Is daughter named after her mom? With child Ann absent did Bridget revert to Ann?

Isaac Woolner Family 1861
Isaac Woolner Family 1861

The remainder of the enumeration is as expected: Abraham (‘Age Next Birthday’ is 21); Bridget / ‘Ann’ of Ireland (w/b 59); William (w/b 20); James (w/b 19); George (w/b 17); Mary Jane (w/b  15).

Mary Jane Woolner would soon marry Joseph Carr/Kerr and they would begin their own family.  James and George are Woolner family names and Mary Jane used them for her own children.  What is becoming more clear, there is very little we know about Bridget/Ann Connor.

The author’s direct line appears in BLUE.

Private Isaac Woolner – British Army

Isaac Woolner (1792 – 1860)  was born at Beckles, St Andrews, Suffolk, England, UK on 1 August 1792.  His parents were John Woolner and Ann (Salter) Woolner.   Isaac would in 1832 move to British Canada with his family and begin a new life.  But long before that emigration, Isaac would go to war.

Enlistment.   Bristol, England – 4th of May 1812 (date of attestation) (a recruit described a 20-years old laborer with brown hair and hazel eyes standing 5’9″ from Suffolk, BecclesIssac Woolner entered military service with the British Army.  Corporal Thomas enlisted young Isaac for seven years of service.

Isaac’s life intertwined with British military history once he entered the service.   While his life’s events are largely lost to time, his military unit’s history is well documented.  British archives have payroll records and unit reports but absent those documents we can look to the regiment as a whole.

Issac Woolner British Army
British Army – Private Woolner was assigned to the 43rd “Monmouthshire” Light Infantry Regiment.  Also see featured picture.

The 43rd Regiment of Foot, as it was called before 1803, was stationed in the 13 colonies for almost the entire American Revolution (1774 – 1781).  It fought in the Battle of Bunker Hill and Lexington and was at the British Yorktown surrender. It is a popular unit for reenactments because of this service history. Pennsylvania reenactments.  But all this was before Isaac’s birth in 1792.

Renamed in 1803, Recruit Isaac Woolner was assigned to the 43rd “Monmouthshire” Light Infantry Regiment which was combined with the 52nd Foot and 95th Rifles to become the First Corps of Light Infantry which formed the Light Brigade at Shorncliffe, Kent commanded by Sir John Moore.  They were very active in the war against Napoleon.

Death of Sir John Moore 1809
Death of Sir John Moore 1809

The 95th Rifle* wore a new dark green uniform.  The 43rd and 52nd wore the traditional red. In 1808, France advance toward Lisbon, Portugal and the Light Brigade was crucial in the Battle of Vimiera and to driving the French back to Spain.  The army withdrew after the French rallied and counterattacked.  Sir John Moore was killed in battle.  

The 43rd had two battalions in 1812.  I have not determined which one Pvt. Woolner was attached to, however, he was in all likelihood deployed with the 1st Battalion.  Attention to battalion history makes this a fair assumption.

In the war against Napoleon. the two battalions fought together through 1808.  Military command later deployed the 1st Battalion back to the Iberian Peninsula, but they redeployed the 2nd Battalion (raised for this escalating war in 1804) to the Netherlands as part of the Walcheren Expedition (1809).  This expedition failed horribly as many thousands of soldiers perished of disease, the 2nd Battalion soon withdrew and remained in England until disbandment in 1817.   When Pvt. Woolner enlisted by 1812, 1st Battalion was the principal active unit.

As a general matter, a British battalion should have about 1,000 men in 10 companies but that was an ideal only.  The 1st Battalion was usually primary and received reinforcements from the 2nd.  Most of the army still always suffered for men and supplies.  Battalions were named after areas where troops were raised, but once mustered, battalions often fought in different conflict areas.  A healthy recruit would not sit in England during war but would fortify the combat unit.

As noted, the 1st Battalion returned to the Iberian Peninsula and fought in Portugal and Spain during Pvt. Woolner’s enlistment period.  The 43rd fought in many battles during that time.  Here are the key battles the new recruit might have seen:

  • Battle of Salamanca (July 1812)
  • Siege of Burgos (Sep/Oct 1812)
  • Battle of Vitoria (June 1813)
  • Battles of Bidassoa and Nivelle (1813)

In 1814, the 43rd Light Infantry Regiment returned to England from the Iberian Peninsula and the Light Brigade was disbanded.  (An aside, pay lists and muster records for the 1st Battalion would confirm Pvt. Woolner’s location during these events but I still need to obtain them from The National Archives in Kew, Richmond, Surrey TW9 4DU.)

In 1814, the military redeployed the 43rd “Monmouthshire” Foot Regiment back to America.  The unit fought against General Andrew Jackson in the Battle of New Orleans on January 8, 1815. While the 43rd was generally held in reserve, British forces took heavy losses. The irony being, The Treat of Ghent was already signed December 24, 1814, but the news had not yet traveled to the Gulf Coast.  Any British gains would be irrelevant and reversed.

Issac
Issac Woolner petitions for 100 acres land.

In 1815, after the Battle of New Orleans, the 43rd Regiment quickly redeployed to fight a resurgent Napoleon at Waterloo, but the regiment arrived too late to take part in the battle of June 18, 1815. They remained to occupy France until November 1818.  The regiment was sent to Ireland from 1819 to 1823.  It was in Belfast, Ireland in 1819 that the British discharged Pvt. Woolner after seven years of service.

On December 3, 1819, Isaac Woolner married Sarah Hembling born 11 Jul 1797 in Ilketshall St Andrew, Suffolk, England and they soon started a family.

In 1832, Private Isaac Woolner would move his family to Canada and begin a new life.   Because the Crown awarded land to discharged military veterans, Isaac Woolner would later petition the Governor of Upper Canada for land in this manner.  But this was not then end of Isaac’s struggles.

*(The 95th Rifle is also Richard Sharpe’s regiment, a very popular fictional character created by author Bernard Cornwell.  Sean Bean played Sharpe.  Picture is as seen on the TV adaptation.)

Richard Sharpe - 95th Rifle Greens
Richard Sharpe – 95th Rifle Greens

Barnabas Banghart – 1850 U.S. Census – Move from NJ to MI

In 1850, Barnabas Banghart (Age 36) had settled in Oakland County, Michigan with his wife Rosetta (25) and their children Nelson (5) and Mary (3).  Farmers with property valued at $1,000.  The entire family was originally from New Jersey including the young children so they are fairly recent arrivals.

New Jersey to Michigan
New Jersey to Michigan

The U.S. Census, along with military records, are most useful in tracking family when they start to move across the country.  No local organization has the resources to track where their residents go after they leave the area.  Around the early 1800’s, Banghart family members started to leave New Jersey, where they had lived for over 100 years, and spread into the new territories and States.

This data was enumerated on 16 August 1850.  Working from the listed ages backward we can obtain approximate family birth years. Nelson would be born ‘about’ 1845 (1850 -5) and his sister Mary about 1847. Since she was born in New Jersey, there is about a three-year window to answer the question… when did the family move?

Barnabas Banghart (1814 – 1885) is son of Michael Banghart Jr (1772 – 1846) and Elizabeth Cummins (1776 – 1845) from Oxford, Warren, New Jersey.  Rosetta M Shannon (1825 – 1903) is daughter of David Davis Shannon (1792 – 1884) of Oxford, Warren, New Jersey.  Nelson Banghart would enlist to fight in the Civil War.

Edward Henry Young – 1920 U.S. Census – Farmer

In 1920, Edward and Hattie (Wendell) Young were farmers in Coshocton County, Pike Township, OH.  A great record of the entire Young family is the 1920 U.S. Federal Census.  They lived by Cooperdale near Frazeysburg, OH.

Edna Carol Young - 1920 U.S. Census - A Young Family
Edward and Hattie Young – 1920 U.S. Census – A Young Family

They are listed as follows:

  • Edward (36)
  • Hattie (35)
  • Alice (16)
  • Homer (15)
  • Lawrence (13)
  • Wilma (9)
  • Edna (3)
  • Winona (1)

Ty Warren Brodhagen (1960 – 1989)

This is an active entry and will be revised.   Unlike 100 years ago, many fewer relatives die at a young age.

In part, this website is a response to the passing of Ty Warren Brodhagen at 29 years old.  Ty was born in Kalamazoo, MI in 1960 to James Brodhagen and Sandra Lee Needham.  Ty died November 28, 1989 while playing pick-up basketball with childhood friends and co-workers at the high school gymnasium.  This year (2014) is the 25th anniversary of this event.

Unknown to everybody, Ty had a congenital heart condition that left him vulnerable to viruses and environmental stress.  A multi-sport athlete Ty was in excellent condition.  But he had a latent health issue.  Prior to the basketball game Ty felt fatigued and had cold symptoms, during the game he couldn’t quite get his breath.  He collapsed.  His passing was sudden and frightening for all his friends who rushed to get help and administer care.  This was before cell phones so calling for help required breaking into a locked school office.

Ty’s grandfather Leonard Brodhagen (1911 – 1989) had just died the previous month so Ty’s sudden passing was a double trauma for the family.  After these events much of his family lost touch with each other.  This is also an effort to remember and rediscover the past.